Administrative Ethics Paper
Describe the issue and its impact on the population it affects most.
HIPAA affects many populations worldwide but the most affected populations are the employer group and individuals involved in insurance marketing. Its goal is to provide patients with coverage security to the small employers and protect their health privacy. These effects vary from one population to another. This Act, and especially portions dealing with insurance practices, discriminates against employer groups and their associates based on their health status (Kulynych & Korn, 2003). Sometimes barriers can be created between the employees and employers especially when the employees are denied access to health insurance. Consequently, they do not have restrictions on the way the premiums can be set by the insurers and thus individuals are under the mercy of the insurance companies.
In addition, HIPAA laws are quite complex and have many requirements that affect both the employer group and the insurers group. This policy is seen as a hindrance to research on health and thus many community care providers will be reluctant to fulfill their health care to communities. Nevertheless, the HIPAA act is sensitive to health risk assumptions to the newly adequate population (William & Kereikakes, 2003). This is because the health insurance coverage requirements of a certain state may claim the cost for those who are enrolled in this coverage group. This may contribute to increase in premiums, which may eventually force the states to impose restrictive rate bylaws on the individual insurer markets.
What arguments or facts are used in the article to support the proposed solution?
The arguments or facts that are used in the article to support the proposed solution are that the act will lead to increase premiums because of expanding health insurance coverage. This will later lower the access to insurance coverage. Moreover, most of the states had already taken an action of eliminating the pre-existing conditions that causes barriers. They have placed standards that enable patients in different working environments to improve on HIPAA standards. Nevertheless, it has been argued that modifying this act, especially on the privacy rule, will enable many patients to have confidentiality in health related issues. Thus, the article supports the proposed act that the federal government should impose new federal privacy on health research. Therefore, the research will strengthen the existing policy of the federal common rule on international review boards that evaluate privacy (Kulynych & Korn, 2003).
Consequently, despite the fact that this regulation’s mandates are widely used, many people argue that the institutional review boards are not concerned with the subject of privacy rights. They do not respect the rights of privacy fully and even do not protect the confidentiality adequately. Given the nature of privacy being addressed in the HIPAA Act, it seems that the most logical and economical methods of decision making on this rule can be deemed impermissible. The institutional review boards, and especially those in academic administrations, are heavily burdened and may be unable to evaluate privacy risks because data transmission may be low. The research carried out on HIPAA agreement costs reveals that some institutions especially the academic intuitions would find it difficult to implement this HIPAA Act due to its associated challenges.
What are the ethical and legal issues reported for your administrative issue?
The ethical and legal issues reported in the administrative issue are building administrative principals focused on compliance with administrative requirements and accountability. Administrative supervisions mostly occur when the direct line administrators provide rules and regulations governing the whole administration. They provide direct counseling to students and have their legal issues that are different and vary from one institution to another. Purdue University is one of the administrative institutions classified under the HIPAA privacy guidelines. Its primary purpose is the provision of quality education to students. However, they have various departments and certain components that provide students with covered health care services.
In addition, Purdue University’s ethical issue is to provide health care and coverage plan to all its members. It has various offices or departments that support the health care providers. Moreover, these departments share access to protected medical and health insurance. Thus, this administration has surveyed its departments in order to enable them identify and allocate covered components. These components include health care providers such as counseling activities, the students’ health centre, university pharmacy and psychological services. The health care plans are the vision plan, medical benefits plan and pharmacy plans. Lastly, the business supports covered plans such as accounting, information technology and internal auditing covered components.
Explain the managerial responsibilities related to administrative ethical issues. If none were stated, what should have been done?
The managerial departments have responsibilities that are related to administrative and ethical issues. Such responsibilities were meant to ensure that patient confidentiality is maintained. The HIPAA requires that each administrative including Purdue University to maintain the privacy of the patients. The administrative officer, Dr. James of Purdue University, became responsible for the implementation of the laws that governs the entire institution. He made sure that all the employees and students at Purdue University were protected well and ensured that patient privacy was maintained. The privacy officer became in charge of ethical issues and he ensured that organizational compliance and policies were achieved. Dr. James created the HIPAA privacy office for managing various responsibilities that were associated with the compliance of HIPAA policies and those of Purdue University (Purdue, 2003).
Identify any proposed solutions.
It was proposed that the Purdue University should conduct an evaluation on those impacted areas by HIPAA regulations in order to make some changes on improvements. Joan Vaughan started working in 2003 with HIPAA liaisons in each sector in order to complete an evaluation plan that was to cover all the components at Purdue. This exercise was based on the privacy regulations of HIPAA, which aimed to balance the necessary steps taken in protecting the individual’s health information. Consequently, they aimed at providing proper health care services to all the employees at Purdue University. Thus, the privacy rule was meant not to permit any health disclosures of health information within the administration.
In addition, it was proposed that the action plans should be taken immediately after the evaluation process was completed. The action plans was to be produced in order to address the identified areas of improvements (Purdue, 2003). It was suggested that the follow up would eventually be carried out to ensure that the action plans were implemented well. The assessment about the privacy of patient was to be carried out annually. This was meant to ensure if the administration was following the stated regulations of HIPAA.