Instruction on certain aspects of the “Theology of Liberation”
In this section, the article talks about the aspiration of people. The inspiration is the living conditions of people especially the poor. It says that man is a creature of god, but has been subjected to different oppressions, which are the political, economic, social, and cultural. There are several aspirations from this section. People want good life that is free of oppression. Justice and recognition of human beings being equal and having all needs is the main aspiration of the poor people. It aims at identifying the aspirations of the poor, which they aim at achieving. The main inspiration is the living conditions of the poor.
Expression of This Aspiration
The main idea in this sub heading is how people express these aspirations of the poor. Many political organizations claim to express them, but consequently result to violence. It is necessary to have a way of discerning the aspirations, so that those who fully fight for them can be well known to avoid other organizations as the above named from taking advantage of the poor situations of people. The basic thesis is discerning of these aspirations and guiding people on how to go about achieving them.
Liberation, a Christian Theme
The desire for liberation is strongly founded in Christianity. From this aspiration to be free, a group of theologians joined together and formed “theology of liberation,” which refers to concerns for a dignified life especially for the poor and oppressed, and their justice. The theme of liberation of Christian is evident in both Old and New Testaments of the bible. It is the freeing of all Christians from sin and oppression.
The bible has the foundations for liberty of Christians. It is first portrayed in the exodus. God is seen as the liberator. Christ is also considered a liberator from sin and slavery, which are considered human sinful acts. The foundation of liberation is from the bible’s teachings in various books and prophets like Amos, who asked god to punish the rich that oppress the poor. In the New Testament, it is shown by the beatitudes. The main idea is that sins of people are the cause of this, but not political and economic structures.
The Voice of the Magisterium
The church has frequently expressed her interests in enlightening Christians on the issues of social and political justice and the other aspirations of the poor. There are documents released concerning this issues such as “Meter et Magistra”, “Pacem in Terris”, and “Populorum Progressio”. The basic thesis here is church taking action in liberating human kind.
A New Interpretation of Christianity
Due to despair among people, the meaning of liberation has changed from being gospel, and now the focus is economic and political. People seek to free themselves from poverty and do not consider the gospel aspect anymore. The Marxist idea is now considered the best option to fight poverty. Currently, this is the basic interpretation of Christianity. In the theological application of these aspirations, the church too, has allowed deviations to occur in church. An example is giving Eucharist to people who are not fully aware of its meaning, as a way of celebrating it, especially the poor. The main idea here is church going astray along the line of liberation. The church is subjected to the laws and history. The fight for the poor has been changed to a fight against the high-class people.
People have despaired, and feel that an effective way of dealing with poverty should be sought. They result to the Marxist, which suggests that scientific methods of solving poverty should be used. The Marxist suggests that wealth be communalized, where it is controlled by few. This results to classes.
Subversion of the Meaning of Truth and Violence
This concept of Marxism, have made theologians to accept some which are in contrary to Christian view of humanity. The class struggle implied in Marxist, make people believe that violence is useful in attaining truth, since Marxist believe that truth is in class struggle.
The Theological Application of This Core
In this sub heading, church has been divided into classes of poor and rich. The theologians have taken in some practices, which are against church. An example is the eucharis being viewed as a celebration of the poor, who do not know its real meaning. Class struggle has been viewed as a law that exists in church. The idea is that the class struggle is now the history maker.
A New Hermeneutic
The idea under this title is unity in church. Because of classes in church, there is no unity among the members. The interpretation of some church principles has changed. A good example is the Eucharist, where people no longer know its real meaning, and it does not symbolize love. Conclusively, the article is about the role of church in liberating human kind, from slavery, which is a result of their sinful acts, which are political, social and economic.