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TCP/IP Protocol

TCP/IP refers to two distinct protocols, TCP and IP. The two protocols have mostly been used together, which has seen many people refer to them as similar. However, when used together, TCP/IP refers to the network communication in which the TCP is used for transporting data to IP networks. Today, many people across the whole world use the internet daily for many purposes especially communication. TCP/IPs protocols make communication between different networks possible. Such communication would otherwise not be possible over such distances. Additionally, TCP/IP is free and works with any software and hardware. This made it quite popular worldwide.

An IP address over TCP/IP is a numerical label used for identifying a device such as a computer within a computer network. Without the IP, it would be impossible to send data to a specific user since it would be hard to identify devices. The IP serves two main functions; identifying both the host or network interface and the location’s address. As such, the significance of an IP address over TCP/IP protocol is the identification of every device. The communication media that I would use if I were building a network would be social media. This is because they are inexpensive to use. Additionally, they offer users flexibility of time, as well as convenience. They are popular and probably the most visited sites.

Active Directory Installation

One of the new features in the Windows 2008 is the Read-Only Domain Controller, RODC. It has several functionalities such as deploying of the domain controller within locations where physical security is not guaranteed. It can also be used for administrative purposes. However, their main purpose is providing security where an organization does not have physical security. For instance, when a small organization does not have a physical office in a certain location, the RODC serves such a firm by offering remote security for its IT database. In order to stop people from logging into their system illegally, the RODC can be used. This way, it provides security to small organizations in areas where they lack physical security.

AD DS

During the removal and installation of the AD DS, several issues are encountered. One of these issues is related to disk space and requirements for upgrading to the new windows server 2008. Some of the problems occurring within this issues include disk space requirements for upgrading to windows server 2008 and 2008 R2, SYSVOL location on an RODC. AD DS installation might fail in case SYSVOL is within the root in a drive among other errors. Some of these problems such as disk space for upgrading to the new server happen because of limited space within the disk. The new server requires free disk space to save the new operating system image. Without such free space, it would not be possible to initialize the setup process, as well as any installed server roles. Assuming that the problem occurred because there was not enough space in the disc for the new servers, the solution would only be to increase the disk size, which is a hard thing to do.

The other error that could occur within this issue is SYSVOL location on an RODC. In an RODC, utilizing distributed file systems (DFS) replication for the SYSVOL, the SYSVOL shared folder needs to be placed in a separate volume from the windows folder. Storing it in the two files within the same volume reduces the performance of volume after installation. The solution for such an error could be to ensure that the two files are stored in different volumes, or other minifilter drivers such as antiviruses are installed. Such errors occur when these little but critical issues are not considered. The only solution would be ensuring to review all the requirements of the new server before installation, as well as reviewing the status of the current disk to access whether it meets the requirements. This will help organizations to find out the changes they need to make.

IT Diffusion Models

Several IT Diffusion Models that a firm can use are available. Some of them include Government supported or Private Supported models, National-champion driven, Asian private sector driven, Planned-economy driven, Industry driven and Corporate driven. All these are examples of IT Diffusion models that influence firms in different ways. In the industry driven model, the industry is the main factor determining how players behave. This model is characterized by private vendors in IT who create the market demand. These vendors are responsible for developing the systems, which they sell to clients as well as support. The government has little influence over such models. Its role is only investing in the higher risk research and designs. On the other hand, planned-economy driven market presents a different case. In this model, development and manufacturing of IT is centralized. There is centralized ownership of the manufacturing. The Planned-economy driven model is largely considered a soviet form.

Each of these models affects how a company can do business in different countries. An example is a company that develops IT programs, as well as software for sale. In a country where the industry-driven model is used, such a company would be well fitted to compete with other companies. It would be able to develop its programs and software as well as distribute it to clients using the strategy it deems most suitable. On the other hand, in a planned-economy driven model, the company would not be in a good position to develop and market its programs because of tight control. Such a model limits diversity where developments are influenced by the central power. Unlike this model, the industry driven model allows diversity and stiffer competition, which is quite healthy for business as well as development and innovation of new ideas.

A non-IT manager can arrive at a decision to utilize one model using several factors such as through weighing the disadvantages over advantages, how well the model serves the nation, cost benefits, trade-offs and other factors. Among the aforementioned models, I would choose the industry-driven model that allows individual companies to act on their own and perform their operations without much external control. Moreover, this allows competition, and no competitor has an edge over the others.

Strategic Alignment

Several approaches for aligning a business to strategy are available. The first one is to understand the business first hand. Knowledge is the most essential factor to aligning a business to strategy. Without knowledge, one would not be familiar with what to align. Hiring from the business ensures that talent is retained as well as the already developed expertise and understanding. Internally hired employees understand the business better than externally hired ones. However, this is only successful when there is continuous development of employees. Ensuring good relations with stakeholders is important since they are crucial to the existence of a business. This helps in gaining support in making decisions as well as achieving goals. Measures of all actions are crucial in companies. This enables the firm to define the position of the company in terms of achieving its goals and objectives. Without measure, it would not be possible to know when a goal is achieved.

Among the approaches that are left out is involving the top management within a company. The top management needs to be involved in order to set the example as well as provide the needed help when it comes to making decision. Without top management support, it becomes hard to pass projects and decisions since they could be rejected. Another strategy is ensuring that the vision and mission statements of the company are in congruent with the company goals and objectives. This will provide a vision to the employees as well as help in understanding the need for having certain goals and strategies.

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Day 3

The first implication is based on law. According to law, a person has the right of life leading to the assumption that a person has a right to die. The effects to this are that people will often commit suicide because they have the right to die. For this reason, the law has provided instances where a person has the right to die. In this case, a person must be suffering from an illness that he or she is not likely to survive or recover. The other implication involves religion. According to many religious beliefs, God alone has the power to grant life and take it away from somebody. In this case, it is an unethical decision for someone to bestow the right upon himself or herself. According to the respect of anatomy, it is ethically right for a person to make the decision based on his or her life. According to justice, the ethical decision has to be made in consideration of the other parties involved like the family members, the society and the medical profession (Rainbow, 2002).

Day 5

One of the most important changes in the healthcare reforms is a raise for doctor remuneration (Appley & Carey, 2012). In the past, doctors have not been receiving good remuneration rates resulting to poor delivery of health care services. This is because doctors are paid a remuneration lower than the Medicaid rates. In this case, they are not highly motivated to offer quality treatment to the patients. Additionally, this impoverishes the living standards of the doctors especially in this time of global financial crisis (Appley & Carey, 2012). The economy has changed and the living conditions have become extremely difficult. For this reason, by increasing the payment rates, the doctors will have better living conditions and at the same time, patients will receive quality healthcare. Therefore, it is the most important reform because doctors will be highly motivate in the deliverance of quality health care to the patient. An administrator of the health facility is expected to raise the remuneration in accordance to the Medicaid rates as directed by the health care reform. This is directed to the private sector administrator who may assume that they are not subjected to the reform (Appley & Carey, 2012).

Day 7

The introduction of information technology in the health care department is one of the strategies or ways placed by the government to improve health care prevention, quality and reporting. When it comes to preventing, the information systems used by the health care centers and hospitals will ensure that there is prevention of errors and other common mistakes (Ortiz, 2003). This means that information systems will improve efficiency by preventing errors in delivering services to patients. In the part of reporting, information systems are extremely helpful to the management of the health care centers. This is where the management is able to monitor the performance of each staff member’s rate of performance when delivering services to the patients. Additionally, it will help the management create quality reports and formulate quality strategies for use in delivery service to the patients. Finally, information systems increases the quality of health care offered to the patients. This is because there are minimal errors, no duplication and increased efficiency. In this case, the overall quality of the health care center is improved with the introduction of information systems (Ortiz, 2003).

References

Appley, J. & Carey, M. A. (2012). 9 Major Changes in the New Health Care Bill. Msnbc.com. Retrieved from: http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/35947758/ns/health-health_care/t/major-changes-new-health-care-bill/

Ortiz, E. (2003). Use of Information Technology to Improve quality of Health Care in the United States. Health Research and Education Trust. Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1360897/

Rainbow, C. (2002). Description of Ethical Theories and Principles. Davidson College. Retrieved from: http://www.bio.davidson.edu/people/kabernd/Indep/carainbow/Theories.htm

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