Realism

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Realism

Hedda has a negative attitude towards marriage. She views her marriage is boring due to her arrogance. Her husband is trying his best to take care of Hedda but it is difficult to please her. Hedda tells Brack her honeymoon is boring and she does not like the house Tesman bought for her (Davis, 562). Her cynical attitude prevents her from enjoying her marriage and appreciating her husband’s commitment. She does not respect the institution of marriage. This is evident by the way she gossips her husband with Brack. Her husband took her for a honeymoon, which was six months long. He also struggled to buy for Hedda a decent house but she did not appreciate it. This is an indication of pride and greed for luxurious life. Hedda want to live lavishly and always get what she wants at the cost of other people’s welfare (Eyre et al, 67).

Hedda’s motives for marrying Tesman were to continue living a wealthy life. She grew up in a wealthy home. Her father was General Gabler and he raised his children in luxury. Hedda developed an attitude of being self-centered and wanting to get everything, she wishes. This is the reason why she got married to Tesman because she thought he would maintain her class of lifestyle. However, Tesman’s efforts to please his wife fail. She is bored by the honeymoon and Hedda does not like their home (Eyre et al, 96). Tesman is an intelligent scholar and hopes to become a professor in the university. This is another reason why Hedda agrees to marry Tesman. She wants to be involved with high-class position and this is why they do not get along with Julle. Hedda wants to manipulate her husband but Tesman does not realize his wife’s motives.

The major clash between aristocracy and bourgeoisie is they cannot get along. Aristocratic class seems to undermine the bourgeoisie class. This is seen in Hedda and Tesman’s marriage. Hedda belongs to aristocratic class and Tesman belongs to the bourgeoisie class (Davis, 600). Hedda considers she is superior and this is why she manipulates her husband. She also looks down upon Julle because she comes from a lower social class. Hedda tends to portray that these two social classes can never get along. She is unkind to most people who belong to bourgeoisie class. For instance, Ejlert told Hedda he has lost his manuscript and he wanted to commit suicide. Hedda hands him a pistol and encourages him to kill himself. She wishes him well, sarcastically. This is an indication of insensitivity because Ejlert and Hedda do not belong to the same social class.

The theme of this play is highly applicable in the contemporary society. Discrimination between different social classes is evident. Hedda discriminates Julle because she belongs to another class (Davis, 615). People are more focused to acquire wealth at all costs. Many women like Hedda, want to marry men because of wealth and not love. Tesman wanted to get a higher position at the university and become a professor. Similar, the modern men intend to get high positions in the society. Some want to become politicians, business people and others intend to become leaders in various places. Hedda manipulated Tesman and other people to get what she wanted. This vice is common among the modern people. They are greedy hence; want to get power or wealth using the wrong means. At the end of the play, Hedda commits suicide (Eyre et al, 124). This is a moral lesson for people who use wrong means of getting what they want. They are likely to find trouble because of their wrong actions.

Works cited

Davis, Paul B. The Bedford Anthology of World Literature. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin. 2009. Print.

Eyre, Richard, Karin Bamborough, Ann Bamborough, and Henrik Ibsen. Hedda Gabler. London: Nick Hern Books, 2005. Print