Sasanians first considered monotheism when Zoroastrianism began teaching believing one day. Other religions like Christianity, Islam and Judaism joined the spread of monotheism, and it influenced Sasanians to convert to monotheism. Polytheistic religions like Buddhism were vandalized. Their idols were broken as a way of making them abandon polytheism and become monotheistic. These actions made most of them convert to monotheism. Persians related Buddha with idolatry, and the name means idol worshipper in Persia. Romans became monotheistic because of Christianity influence. It was the first religion in the Roman Empire, and the Romans accepted Christian doctrines. Another factor contributing to monotheism was people’s desire for hope. They were easily attracted to monotheism in search of new hope after the empire began instability (372).
One of the common factors, which led to monotheism in both Romans and Sasanians, is Christianity. Christianity played a significant role in spreading monotheism in Rome and Persia. Among other religions, Christianity convinced Sasanians to become monotheists and shun idolatry. After the Sasanians fully accepted monotheism, those who remained polytheistic were viewed as outcasts. Their idols were destroyed, as indication polytheism was no longer meaningful to them. The main contributing factor to monotheism in Rome was Christianity (357). Christian doctrines created hope to the Romans, and they were acceptable. Romans were seeking hope and believed Christianity would give them new hope.
There are several differences in the factors, which contributed monotheism among the Romans and Sasanians. One key factor why Romans embraced monotheism was search for new hope. Their empire was collapsing, and they needed stability. This is different from the Sasanians. They accepted monotheism because it was introduced by Zoroastrianism and other religions. Polytheistic people were discriminated, and it made some of them converted to monotheism, as a way of fitting in the society. In Persia, many religions were involved in converting Sasanians to monotheism whereas, in Rome, the principal factor was Christianity (361).
Both nations handled the shift peacefully and readily accepted it. In Persia, the Sasanians got freedom to join religions of their choice. Some people joined Islam, Christianity and Judaism. The most thriving religion was Judaism, and it was sometimes given priorities and privileges than other religions (356). Monotheism continues to spread, and more monotheistic religions were formed. For instance after popularity of Judaism, Zionism took over and became the most popular. The Romans were happy to embrace Christianity and monotheism. They believed it was a beginning of new hope for them after the empire had experienced social disorder and conflicts. Monotheism brought rise of other cults, which had similarities with Christianity.
Christianity is considered a Jewish reform movement because of the similarities. Christianity was derived from Judaism thus, they have similar beliefs. One of the similarities is monotheism. Both religions have the same characteristic about God. They believe in life after death and judgment day among other beliefs. However, there are some differences in the reference texts of the two religions. They contain similar information, but Torah is not significant to the Jews. On the other hand, the Bible is an indispensable text to the Christians (344).
Christianity has not ignored it Jewish roots. It continues to believe in the same doctrines as the Jews. Both Christians and Jews believe God is the sole creator of life and people were created in His image. They also believe in God’s son and the sacrifice He made for human kind. There are only a few areas, which Christianity has modified. For example, Christians only observe the Ten Commandment. The additional ones from Moses are selectively observed. It is agreeable to conclude that Christianity still maintains teaching and beliefs from Judaism (350).
Sivers, Peter von, University of Utah; Desnoyers, Charles A., La Salle University; George B. Stow, La Salle University. Patterns of world history. London: Oxford University Press. 2011. Internet source.